Bene Gesserit and the Jedi
Dune‘s Bene Gesserit, an ancient religious order of women who manipulate and organize galactic events behind the scenes, have likely been an inspiration to Jedi (and Sith) like Akira Kurosawa’s honorable samurai. Operating as spies, religious leaders and even scientists, the influence of the Bene Gesserit can be felt in every corner of the Imperium, even in the Emperor’s own halls, and throughout the history of the Known Universe. Like the Jedi they inspired, the Bene Gesserit are guided by prophecy. They believe that by their actions they will bring about the ascension of their Chosen One, the Kwisatz Haderach.
The Jedi also function as a deep-rooted, multidisciplinary religious faction within the Republic, but before Lucas elaborated on what the Jedi Order looked like in the Prequel trilogy, the similarities to the Bene Gesserit boiled down to the powers of the Force. Before Obi-Wan Kenobi used a Jedi mind trick to convince the Imperial stormtroopers that Threepio and Artoo weren’t the droids they were looking for, the Bene Gesserit used the Voice to exert his influence over others. Like the Jedi, the Bene Gesserit have superior combat abilities known as the Weirding Way that cannot be matched by most other opponents. They can also feel emotions and know if someone is telling the truth.
Reverend Mothers Bene Gesserit can also use the Spice Melange to see the future, the kind of foreknowledge that has long been associated with the Jedi, whether Luke receiving a vision from his suffering friends on Cloud City or Anakin dreaming of the death of Padme during childbirth.
Fremen and rebels, Sardaukar and Stormtroopers
Comparisons could be drawn between the Fremen and the Tusken Raiders of Tatooine as two cultures living and surviving in the harsh deserts of their home worlds, but the natives of Arrakis play a role in the first book that might also help you. recall the Rebel Alliance. These are the outsiders who rally around Paul to fight the imperial tyranny and win. Of course, the Rebels aren’t a religious faction, but having Luke and the Force by their side likely helped keep morale up during their freezing exile on Hoth.
Meanwhile, Emperor Padishah has the Sardaukar, his elite force of armored soldiers who perform a similar function to Emperor Palpatine’s legions of stormtroopers. But while Empire troops wear white armor and prefer blasters, the Sardaukar are clad in black, using a mixture of blades and laser rifles during combat. Later versions of stormtroopers, such as Death troopers, are more like the Sardaukar.
Baron Harkonnen and Jabba the Hutt
The perverse cruelty of Baron Harkonnen is on display throughout the book, a monster of man both inside and out. Indeed, beyond grotesque descriptions of his physical appearance, his murderous tendencies and his taste for child sex slaves make him one of the most vilified villains in literary history.