Trade Wars

Rules-based international cooperation, a key in times of danger: PM

Prime Minister Hun Sen said that there are urgent reasons to strengthen multilateralism and rules-based international cooperation, as the interference of foreign powers and the use of military force only leads to further tragedies. worse rather than offering solutions.

Hun Sen made the remarks during the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) held virtually on September 25.

He said the world still faces a myriad of pressing challenges such as geopolitical competition and rivalry between great powers, technological and trade wars, territorial armed conflicts, terrorism, transnational crimes and climate change. .

“History has told us time and time again that [foreign] interference and – worse yet – military options used to impose different systems of governance are not solutions. Far from it, they have only resulted in many more deaths, human suffering and misery, and socio-economic conflicts.

“Cambodia is a real example and has experienced the worst tragedy and now we are sadly witnessing a repetition of the same policies. If the recent events in Afghanistan, and many others before it, are lessons to be learned, then we must learn that there is great merit in respecting the wishes of every nation and the rights of their people to self-determination. “, did he declare.

He said that all countries, whether large or small, differ in their history, culture, traditions, ways of life and political organization and that they should not be hampered by the imposition of unilateral sanctions, embargoes or other coercive economic measures that violate international law and the very principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations.

Hun Sen said that strengthening multilateralism and rules-based international cooperation as well as international peace and security are of the utmost importance for a sustainable future.

He said Cambodia’s position is that the primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security rests with the UN.

Citing an example, he said that since 2006, Cambodia has provided more than 7,500 members of the armed forces to serve in various United Nations peacekeeping missions around the world, and a number of Cambodian troops have even made the ultimate sacrifice of losing their lives during their missions to protect the Innocent, he said.

In addition, Cambodia supports the United Nations Secretary-General’s Peacekeeping Initiative (A4P) and the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) program which will help mainstream a meaningful gender perspective into various peacekeeping operations. the peace.

He stressed that the changing realities of the 21st century demand a newly reorganized and responsive UN. The organization demands a more democratic, inclusive and representative approach to the issues of the day.

“Cambodia fully supports the proactive efforts of the UN Secretary General to make the organization more agile and responsive to the needs of its member states. Relations between the Security Council, the General Assembly and the UN Secretariat must also be reinvigorated, ”he said.

Hun Sen reaffirmed Cambodia’s support for Security Council reforms with the idea that top priority should be given to increasing the representation on the Council of developing countries which constitute the vast majority of member states.

Kin Phea, director of the Institute of International Relations at the Royal Academy of Cambodia, said Hun Sen’s statements reflected recent events where some powerful countries were punishing smaller nations for advancing their political agendas.

“In the past, we have suffered injustices related to sanctions and under pressure from some powerful countries who still want to see Cambodia in a negative light because they are in conflict or in geopolitical competition with other powerful nations. he said, referring to the United States and its allies like the EU and their often strained relationship with China.