Jakarta (ANTARA) – Indonesia, while assuming the presidency of the G20 for the first time this year in the G20 forum since its establishment in 1999, determines the priority agendas and leads the meetings of the countries constituting 85% of the GDP global.
With the main theme, “Recover Together, Recover Stronger”, Indonesia has identified the transition to sustainable energy or green energy as one of the priority issues raised at the G20 summit.
This summit is scheduled to discuss the energy transition to a low carbon economy and the application of green energy in developed and developing countries.
In Indonesia, one of the ways to realize the application of green energy is to build an ecosystem of electric vehicles.
President Joko Widodo (Jokowi), at the launch of the Electric Vehicle Ecosystem Development Collaboration Program in Jakarta, stressed that the government continues to pursue the energy transformation towards new and renewable energy (EBT), including including electric vehicles.
The electric vehicle ecosystem will cover upstream and downstream industries, from the production of electric motors and their batteries to the provision of battery exchange stations.
Jokowi is optimistic that through the development of the electric vehicle ecosystem, Indonesia could become an electric vehicle producer. In addition, the goal of zero carbon emissions in 2060 can be achieved.
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The government has also expressed its openness to establish collaboration with different countries to encourage the public to use electric vehicles considered more environmentally friendly.
In the early stages, collaboration between state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and the private sector is a real step towards accelerating the realization of an integrated electric vehicle ecosystem in Indonesia.
Electrum, a joint venture between Gojek and TBS Energi Utama (TBS), along with Pertamina, Gesits and Gogoro, a technology company from Taiwan, are joining forces to accelerate the development of the most comprehensive and integrated electric vehicle ecosystem in the world. ‘Indonesia.
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Indonesia’s G20 Presidency plays a strategic role in discussing various issues, including climate change, the main cause of global warming.
Global warming has become a serious issue that is being discussed in every country today. All countries are expected to make concrete efforts to avoid an increase in global average temperature that could cause ecological disasters and impact the survival of living beings.
The government, through the Ministry of Transport, is also promoting the massive use of electric vehicles with the aim of reducing carbon emissions in the transport sector.
Transport Minister Budi Karya Sumadi pointed out that the use of electric vehicles is one of the best measures to suppress climate change.
Sumadi said the government is committed to managing climate change and reducing emissions in Indonesia’s transportation sector, including issuing Presidential Regulation Number 55 of 2019 on Accelerating Electric Motor Vehicle Program to battery (KBLBB) for road transport.
He also pointed out that the Ministry of Transport is developing a roadmap for the transformation of battery electric motorized vehicles (KBLBB) as government operational vehicles and public transport.
In addition, the government will provide incentives to reduce type testing rates for battery electric motor vehicles.
During the G20 Summit in Bali, electric buses will also be used to transport G20 participants from Ngurah Rai Airport to the venue of the G20 event.
The G20 event should be used as an impetus to build sustainable development and better environmental sustainability in the future.
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With this in mind, the Ministry of Finance has established a special zero percent import duty rate for imported partially disassembled motor vehicles (IKD) to encourage the battery electric motor vehicle (KBLBB) industry. .
This is stipulated by the regulation of the Minister of Finance number PMK-13/MK.010/22 concerning the fourth amendment to the regulation of the Minister of Finance number 6/PMK.010/2017 concerning the stipulation of the classification system of goods and the imposition of import duties on imported products. Goods.
Several of these regulations have been implemented to materialize Jokowi’s directive which targets two million electric vehicles in Indonesia by 2025 to be used by people for daily activities.
Jokowi also wants Indonesia to become a major exporter and player in the electric vehicle industry.
Clean Energy Support
People tend to underestimate the use of electric vehicles which do not produce carbon emissions but consume power from coal-fired or fossil-fired power plants.
Transport watchdog Djoko Setijowarno said the use of electric vehicles at the G20 summit in Bali was expected as the start of the widespread use of alternative energy in Indonesia.
He noted that the use of environmentally friendly vehicles in Indonesia can be increased in several ways. In addition to the use of battery electric vehicles, the effort can be made through the use of gasoline or solar-powered vehicles.
The use of electric vehicles should also be accompanied by efforts to generate electricity from new and renewable energies (EBT) to significantly reduce the impact of climate change, he said.
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According to Setijowarno, if the electric vehicle is powered by renewable energy sources (EBT), such as the solar power plant (PLTS), it means that the electric vehicle does not produce any gas emissions.
The head of the MTI Center for Advocacy and Community Affairs hailed the steps taken by the government to encourage the widespread use of environmentally friendly vehicles.
However, policies regarding the use of electric vehicles from upstream to downstream are considered necessary, including affordable prices for vehicles, the ability to meet clean energy needs and the availability of vehicle charging stations. utilities (SPKLU) which still needed to be improved.
Setijowarno explained that currently, electric vehicles are a solution to save the environment as they help reduce carbon emissions from the transport sector.
It is hoped that in the future, the electric vehicle ecosystem will become one of the sectors that contributes to tackling climate change.
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